Poor comprehenders often suffer from what experts call learned helplessness. Some children who struggle when they are learning how to read develop a negative perception of themselves as learners.
This self- concept of being helpless in a learning situation leads the struggling reader to believe that he/she has little or no internal control over success and failure. They underestimate their ability and expect to do poorly in future learning situations.
These expectations of failure often lead to poor motivation, which in turn leads to inactive learning meaning they do not engage in strategic efforts to promote effective learning. This inaction leads to more failure, which confirms their negative perception of themselves as learners. A child’s personal beliefs about himself/herself as a learner does influence how a child addresses and solves problems that they encounter when comprehending.